Itanagar Profile

Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh. It is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas. Itanagar is called the land of dawn-lit mountains.

History


Itanagar has been the capital of Arunachal Pradesh since April 20, 1974. The history of Itanagar dates back to the 11th century when it was called Mayapur. Itanagar had been ruled by the Ahom kings of Assam also. The history of the capital is associated with the Ita fort, located at the heart of the city. The name of Itanagar comes after the famous Ita fort. The fort dates back to the  Ahom period of Assam. It was built by the Ahom rulers between the 14th -15th century. The name of the fort literally means fort of bricks. Ita means brick in Ahom dialect.

Administration


The administrative scenario of the state capital Itanagar is supervised by the Itanagar Municipal Council. Headquartered in Itanagar, the council works for the betterment of the state capital and the state as a whole.

Itanagar Municipal Council
Phone: 0360- 2215719

Geography


Itanagar is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas about 350 metres above the mean sea level. Itanagar is a place of lush green forests, deep river valleys and plateau. The land is mountainous with Himalayan ranges. Bamboo, climbers and creepers are the specialties of the place. The place is surrounded by natural vegetation.

Climate


The climate of Itanagar remains temperate and moderate throughout the year. During the winter months the weather is accompanied by fog and mist in the morning and evening. The city experiences an annual mean rainfall of 365 mm. During monsoon the weather remains windy.

Demography


According to 2001 India census Itanagar had a population of 34,970. Male population is 53 % and female population is 47 %. The average literacy rate is 69 %. Male literacy is 75% and female literacy is 61 %. Itanagar is called mini India as it is inhabited by people of mix culture. Nishi tribe, Apatani, Adis and Galos are the predominant tribes of the city. Assamese, Bengali and Hindi languages are spoken in Itanagar.

Itanagar is a town of mix culture. In accordance with the indigenous and traditional customs mixed culture is followed in the capital city. Nishi is the main tribe of the city. The Nishis celebrate the Nyokum festival with pomp and enthusiasm. Other than this Losar is celebrated as the new year festivities by the Monpas. The festival of Reh, Khan and Sangken etc are celebrated in Itanagar with gaiety.

Economy


Agriculture is the main mode of living of the people. In addition people are also engaged in sericulture, horticulture, livestock, poultry and handicraft making.

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